Same-sex behavior and pregnant women are the highest group for HIV transmission, how come?
Suara.com – Cases of HIV/AIDS in Indonesia continue to concern the health world. This is because many patients with HIV/AIDS still do not know their condition and how to treat this disease.
Former Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia and Chairman of the Advisory Board for the Healthy Indonesia Partnership Foundation (YKIS), Dr. Nafsiah Mboi, Sp.A, MPH said, currently the -higher prevalence of HIV/AIDS occurs in pregnant women (pregnant women) and perpetrators of relationships between persons of the same sex.
This is shown by the data of the Ministry of Health of 2021 which shows that the highest transmission occurs in pregnant women and those who have performed relations between persons of the same sex.
Meanwhile, other data also causes HIV/AIDS in the community due to various other problems. The following is data on HIV transmission in 2021.
- Actors in same-sex relationships recorded 9,826 transmissions.
- Pregnant women recorded 4,466 infections. This increased from 2017 which was only 3,873.
- Tuberculosis (TB) patients were 4,500 and decreased from the previous 6,218.
- Female sex workers with approximately 1000 infections.
- Several other factors, such as transgender, those who inject drugs, STI patients, are below 1000.
Dr. Nafsiah hopes that HIV/AIDS can be treated by 2030. This is done by addressing three factors, both transmission, mortality, as well as reducing stigma and discrimination.
“It is hoped that by 2030 there will be an end to the HIV AIDS epidemic. This means that there are three zeros, that is, there are no new infections, no deaths related to HIV and AIDS, and there is no bad stigma and discrimination against patients,” said Dr. Nafsiah in a press conference on the AIDS Prevention Strategy in Order to End, Tuesday (27/12/2022).
In addition, the importance of community awareness about HIV/AIDS is also very helpful in preventing transmission. This also encourages people not to discriminate against people living with HIV/AIDS.
“People’s awareness of HIV/AIDS is growing so they can stop transmission. This also reduces stigma and discrimination against those who suffer if they also have rights and sometimes someone makes a mistake,” said Dr Lustful.
Apart from the community, Dr Nafsiah also asked the government to continue to supervise and educate. The government must carry out STOP (education or education, testing, treatment of those who are sick, and monitoring the progress of transmission).
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