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The picture is of Norwegian writer John Fosse. He has received the Nobel Prize for 2023 in the field of literature.
The Nobel Prize for Literature has been given to 64-year-old Norwegian writer John Fosse. The committee recognized that his plays and stories had given voice to those who were not able to express themselves. In his plays, John has expressed those human emotions through drama which cannot be expressed normally. Which is considered taboo in the society.
John had written on the deep and sensitive issue of suicide in his very first novel Red and Black. Autumn’s Dream is also included in his famous books. So far 120 people have received Nobel in Literature. There are only 17 women in it. Because of this, the Nobel Committee has been criticized a lot.
The Nobel winner is given an amount of Rs 8.33 crore and a gold medal. After the announcement of Nobel, John said- I am very happy. I think this prize has been given for that kind of literature, which is nothing but literature.
The picture is from John’s books. In his novel Morning and Evening he has told the story of a fisherman. It is written in two parts. In the first part, the life of the fisherman is told from the perspective of his father. While the second part is about his death.
Who is Nobel laureate John Fosse?
John was born in Norway in 1959. He had a terrible accident at the age of 7. He had a narrow escape in this. The deep impact of this accident is visible on his handwriting. His first novel Red-Black was published in 1983.
His books have been translated into more than 40 languages. In his early days as a writer, John was also very fond of music. He used to create the tunes of the songs himself. The Daily Telegraph has placed John at number 83 in the list of the world’s 100 living geniuses.
John Fosse also raises many questions regarding human existence through his stories and plays. His novel A New Name is a collection of seven books. In this he has narrated the conversation of an old man with God. According to the New York Times, John is among those writers whose stories have a deep meaning hidden in them.
The Norwegian royal family has given John a house in Oslo. It is called Home of Artists.
Rushdie did not get Nobel again
Indian-origin British writer Salman Rushdie was in the race to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. However, this time also he did not get the Nobel. The stories written by him highlight different aspects of society through reality, imagination and satire.
Because of this he has had to risk his life many times. He is a writer who has been on the hitlist of Al Qaeda. Iran had issued a fatwa against the Prophet in 1989, accusing him of insulting the Prophet.
Due to this, there was a fatal attack on him in New York in August last year. The attacker tried to slit his throat. However, he somehow survived. For these reasons, Rushdie was said to be the most deserving person for this year’s Nobel Prize.
Rushdie’s most controversial book ‘Satanic Verses’
Salman Rushdie’s most controversial book ‘Satanic Verses’ was published in 1988. Because of this book, Salman Rushdie was accused of sacrilege of the Prophet. In 1989, Ayatollah Khomeini, the leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution, issued a fatwa against Rushdie. Rushdie has written a fictional story in this book. Which is like this…
Salman Rushdie with his most controversial book Satanic Verses
Pakistan made a film on Rushdie – ‘International Gorilla’
In 1990, a film was made in Pakistan with Rushdie in the role of a villain. Named it ‘International Gorilla’. Rushdie was very sad about this. Not because he was shown as a villain in the film.
Rather, he was sad because the film was not banned. He hoped that more people would watch the film after the ban. Rushdie believes that because of the ban, his stories reached more people instead of fewer people.
Not only in Pakistan, there was a lot of uproar over Salman Rushdie’s book Satanic Verses in India too. India was the first country to ban this novel. At that time there was Rajiv Gandhi government in the country.
After this, Pakistan and many other Islamic countries had banned it. In February 1989, Muslims organized a large protest against Rushdie in Mumbai. 12 people were killed and more than 40 were injured in police firing on this demonstration.