Country Profile South Korea – Canada Today

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Map of South Korea

Since partition in 1948, South Korea has become one of the richest countries in Asia. The communist north descended into totalitarianism and poverty.

The republic was proclaimed in 1948 and received UN support from the United States after it was attacked by the North two years later.

The Korean War ended without a peace agreement in 1953, technically leaving South Korea at war for more than 70 years.

The four decades that followed were one of authoritarian rule, in which state-sponsored programs fueled the growth of family-owned industrial conglomerates, including Hyundai and Samsung.

They helped make South Korea one of the largest economies in the world and a leading exporter of automobiles and electronic goods.

The United States has tens of thousands of soldiers in the country.

Chairman: Yoon Suk-yeol

South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol

Mr. Yoon is a former prosecutor who entered politics only in 2021 and won the 2022 presidential election by less than 1%.

In his victory ceremony, he said that he will “pay attention to the livelihood of the people, provide warm welfare services to those in need, and make every effort to ensure that our country serves as a proud and responsible member of the international community and the free world. “

Regarding foreign policy, he promised a tougher “reset” in relations with China and North Korea, as well as hints at a rapprochement with the United States.

A woman walking down a Seoul street

South Korea is a pioneer in fast and wireless internet and almost every home is connected. Instant messaging and games are very popular.

South Korean TV series are popular throughout the region, including in China. They are part of the Korean Wave – the export of South Korean popular culture to Asia.

Some important dates in the history of South Korea:

The Korean War between 1950 and 1953 killed at least 2.5 million people

[1945[1945[1945[1945[1945[1945[1945[1945– After the Second World War, the Japanese occupation ends with the occupation of the area north of the 38th parallel by Soviet troops and south by US troops.

1948 – Proclamation of the Republic of Korea.

1950 – The South declares independence, leading to an invasion of North Korea.

1953 – The armistice ends the Korean War, which claimed two million lives.

1950s – South, supported by crucial US military, economic and political support.

1960s – A large industrial development programme.

1988 – The first free parliamentary elections.

1996 – The entry of South Korea into the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

2002 – The battle between South Korean and North Korean naval vessels along their disputed maritime border is just a flare-up of ongoing tensions between the two states.

2010 – South Korea cuts off all trade with the North after a naval vessel is sunk by a North Korean torpedo.

2012 – South Korea elects its first female president, Park Geun-hye.

2013 – South Korea puts a satellite into orbit for the first time with a rocket launched from its own soil. This comes weeks after a North Korean missile launched a satellite into orbit.

2018 – North and South Korea agree to march under the same flag at the Winter Olympics in South Korea to loosen ties. At a summit in April 2018, President Moon Jae-in and Kim Jong-un of North Korea agreed to end hostile actions and work towards denuclearization on the peninsula.

The South Korean artist participates in a Lunar New Year Festival

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